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高分paper代写范文-印度尼西亚

来源:网络整理 发布日期:2019-07-04 09:50 阅读: 作者:HotEssay 字数:5220字
文章导读:下面HotEssay为大家整理一篇优秀的 paper代写 范文-The Indonesia,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了印度尼西亚。印度尼西亚位于马六甲海峡附近,是世界上人口第四多的国家。由于其经济规模、技术和军事实力,以及良好的发展潜力,已渐渐成为东南亚的领导者。在过去的10年里,印度尼西亚保持了高速的经济发展。它也受到国际政治和社会稳定市场的青睐,被国际社会公认为新兴...
  下面HotEssay为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文-The Indonesia,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了印度尼西亚。印度尼西亚位于马六甲海峡附近,是世界上人口第四多的国家。由于其经济规模、技术和军事实力,以及良好的发展潜力,已渐渐成为东南亚的领导者。在过去的10年里,印度尼西亚保持了高速的经济发展。它也受到国际政治和社会稳定市场的青睐,被国际社会公认为新兴经济体。不过印尼在基础设施、技术、资本和人才方面的不足仍然是经济增长的瓶颈。印尼必须加快经济结构转型升级,消除贫富差距。
 
  以下为Paper代写范文全文,由HotEssay浩天论文网整理发布,供大家参考阅读学习之用,如有Paper代写需要,请联系网站客服。
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  Located in the vicinity of the Straits of Malacca,Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world.Because of its economic scale,technology and military strength,and good development potential,it has become a leader that cannot be ignored in Southeast Asia.In the past 10 years,Indonesia has maintained a high rate of economic development.It has also been favored by the international market for political and social stability and has been recognized as an emerging economy by the international community.Indonesia's shortcomings in infrastructure,technology,capital,and talent are still the bottlenecks for economic growth.Indonesia must accelerate the transformation and upgrading of its economic structure,eliminate the gap between the rich and the poor.
  印度尼西亚地处马六甲海峡附近,是世界第四大人口大国,由于其经济规模、技术和军事实力,以及良好的发展潜力,已成为东南亚地区不容忽视的领导者,近10年来,印度尼西亚一直是世界第四大人口大国。保持了较高的经济发展速度,受到国际政治和社会稳定市场的青睐,被国际社会公认为新兴经济体,印尼在基础设施、技术、资本、人才等方面的不足仍然存在。经济增长的瓶颈,印尼必须加快经济结构转型升级,消除贫富差距。
 
  Indonesia’s nominal exchange rate fell by more than 30%during the three months’massive sell-offs following the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers in September 2008(Thee,2012).The impact of this crisis has brought about direct,short-term shocks,most notably the decline in exports.Indonesia's exports to China reduced by 22.1%in Q4 2018(Thee,2012).Export trade has stagnated rapidly.In response to the pressure on the financial market after the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers,the Indonesian government implemented the 73.3 trillion-rupiah stimulus measures(Social Protection,2009).At the same time,Indonesia successfully obtained investment and loans support from the World Bank,the Asian Development Bank,Japan,and Australia.The government's stimulus measures for tax cuts and public utilities have also been effective.Therefore,the actual growth rate in 2009 remained at 4%,a remarkable achievement among Asian countries.
  2008年9月雷曼兄弟(Lehman Brothers)破产后,印度尼西亚的名义汇率在三个月的大规模抛售中下跌了30%以上(2012年)。这场危机的影响带来了直接的短期冲击,尤其是出口下降。印度尼西亚的出口2018年第四季度(2012年第四季度),对中国的出口额下降了22.1%,出口贸易快速停滞,为应对雷曼兄弟破产后金融市场的压力,印尼政府实施了73.3万亿卢比的刺激措施(社会保障,2009年),同时,印度工业和信息化部(IND)奥尼西亚成功地获得了世界银行、亚洲开发银行、日本和澳大利亚的投资和贷款支持,政府的减税和公用事业刺激措施也卓有成效,2009年实际增长率保持在4%,取得了显著的成绩。在亚洲国家。
 
  In 2016,the proportion of agriculture,forestry,husbandry and fishery was 24.61%.Indonesia is a large agricultural country with a rural population of approximately 42 million.Indonesia has a humid and rainy climate with abundant sunshine and short crop growth cycles.The main agricultural and economic produce include palm oil,rubber,coffee and cocoa(Atlas,2018).In 2016,industry accounted for 43.77%of GDP in total.The Indonesian mining industry has also created considerable economic benefits(18.73%)for Indonesia's national economic development.It is an important source of foreign exchange earnings.The main mineral products in Indonesia are tin,aluminum,nickel,iron,copper,tin,gold,silver and coal(Atlas,2018).The growth rate of Indonesia's tourism industry has also accelerated in recent years,accounting for 12.89%in 2016.
  2016年,农、林、牧、渔业比重为24.61%,印尼是一个农业大国,农村人口约4200万人,气候湿润多雨,日照充足,作物生长周期短,农业和经济主体地位明显。c产品包括棕榈油、橡胶、咖啡和可可(Atlas,2018年),2016年工业占GDP的43.77%,印尼采矿业也为印尼国民经济发展创造了可观的经济效益(18.73%),是重要的外汇收入来源。Ns.印尼主要矿产有锡、铝、镍、铁、铜、锡、金、银、煤(Atlas,2018年),近年来印尼旅游业增长速度也加快,2016年增长12.89%。
 
  Despite the high growth rate,the gap between the rich and the poor in Indonesia is widening.A study by Harvard University pointed out that Indonesia's actual Gini coefficient is above 0.4(Hoy,2017).Due to the geological features of Indonesia with thousands of islands,the lack of connectivity and infrastructure significantly hinders balanced development.Employment in agriculture and the informal sectors often does not receive protection from medical care,retirement pensions,and other social welfare.The fact that most laborers do not receive proper social welfare is an important reason for Indonesia's income imbalance.In order to revitalize the non-employed population and increase the labor participation rate,the Indonesian government has been attracting foreign investment and promoting the development of domestic small and micro enterprises in recent years.
 
  In summary,Indonesia's economic growth still faces uncertainties in global economic policies and increased financial market volatility.The most critical contemporary economic issue for Indonesia is the economic structure that relies too much on natural resources and agriculture.This leads to the low employment rate and the widening gap between the rich and the poor.Indonesia must continue to upgrade its economic structure by encouraging foreign investment and supporting small enterprises.Meanwhile,it should also focus on the construction of information communication and Internet infrastructure.This is particularly important because it makes up for the geographical disadvantage of the scattered islands and maximizes the advantage of the large population base.

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