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美国Essay代写范文-The American military system

来源:网络整理 发布日期:2019-06-27 17:11 阅读: 作者:HotEssay 字数:6525字
文章导读:下面为大家整理一篇优秀的美国essay代写范文-The American military system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的军事体系。美国的军事基地体系是由军事基地和军事设施两大类组成的。军事基地...
  下面为大家整理一篇优秀的美国Essay代写范文-The American military system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的军事体系。美国的军事基地体系是由军事基地和军事设施两大类组成的。军事基地一般各种设施较全,驻扎的人数较多,可以完成多种职责。而军事设施是军事基地体系的基本单位,通常履行单一职责。美国的军事体系重视预先配置,注重建设移动基地。设在美国本土之外的基地群与美国本土的基地群共同构成了美国的全球军事基地网。
 
  以下为美国Essay代写范文全文,由HotEssay浩天论文网整理发布,供大家参考阅读学习之用,如有Essay代写需要,请联系网站客服。
美国essay代写范文
美国的军事体系
 
  The military base system of the United States is composed of military bases and military facilities.In general,military bases are equipped with complete facilities and have a large number of people stationed,so they can perform a variety of duties,such as naval bases and large barracks.Military installations are the basic units of a military base system that usually perform a single function,such as radar stations,warehouses,etc.
  美国的军事基地体系由军事基地和军事设施组成,一般来说,军事基地设施齐全,驻扎人数众多,可以履行海军基地和大型兵营等多种职责,军事设施是军事基地的基本单位。通常执行单一功能的系统,如雷达站、仓库等。
 
  After the end of the Iraq war,the United States began to conduct a new"reshuffle"of its military forces around the world.
  伊拉克战争结束后,美国开始对其在世界各地的军事力量进行新的“重组”。
 
  Attach importance to pre-configuration and construction of mobile base.Pre-allocation is to pre-allocate a considerable amount of weapons and equipment in some overseas bases,and maintain and garrison them with a small number of troops.When a crisis occurs,the us army adopts a fast transportation mode to transport personnel to the crisis area,so as to improve the response speed of the army to the crisis.For example,the 13 pre-storage ships deployed by the us military in Guam,diego Garcia and the Atlantic ocean carry three Marine expeditionary brigades of equipment that can reach north Korea or the Middle East in one to seven days.In recent years,the us military also proposed the construction of mobile Marine base-"floating island"idea.To achieve the naval base-battleship-destination in the theater of supply.If implemented,the plan would greatly shorten the U.S.military's supply lines and allow U.S.forces to conduct effective naval operations anywhere in the world.
  重视移动基地的前期配置和建设。预分配是指在一些海外基地预先分配相当数量的武器装备,并用少量部队对其进行维护和驻防。当危机发生时,美军采用快速运输方式将人员运送到危机地区,以提高军队对危机的反应速度。例如,美国军方在关岛、迭戈加西亚和大西洋部署的13艘预存船携带3支远征海军陆战队装备,可在1至7天内抵达朝鲜或中东。近年来,美国军方还提出了建设海上移动基地的“浮岛”构想。在补给区内实现海军基地-战舰-目的地。如果该计划得以实施,将大大缩短美军的补给线,并允许美军在世界任何地方进行有效的海军作战。
 
  Reduce the base in northeast Asia and expand the base scale in Australia and New Zealand.Seventy percent of U.S.forces in the asia-pacific region are deployed in northeast Asia,with most concentrated on the Japanese island of Okinawa.The change will see permanent bases for the first time in countries such as Australia,Singapore and Malaysia,creating a network of smaller military bases and deploying troops from South Korea and Japan to new bases.In addition,the United States is seeking an agreement with Vietnam on the presence of naval vessels in the country,and with the Philippines on an army presence in the Philippines.
  减少东北亚基地,扩大澳大利亚、新西兰基地规模。美国在亚太地区70%的部队部署在东北亚,其中大部分集中在日本冲绳岛。这一变化将首次在澳大利亚、新加坡和马来西亚等国家建立永久性基地,建立一个规模较小的军事基地网络,并从韩国和日本向新基地部署军队。此外,美国正在寻求与越南就海军船只在该国的存在达成协议,并与菲律宾就军队在菲律宾的存在达成协议。
 
  Reduce the size of bases in Western Europe and increase the number of bases in eastern Europe and central Asia.The United States has decided that 17,000 people from the army's 1st armored division,which was based in Germany and sent to Iraq for military operations,will not return to their bases in Germany,but to new bases in eastern European countries like Bulgaria,Hungary,Poland and Romania.
  缩小西欧基地规模,增加东欧和中亚基地数量。美国决定,驻扎在德国并被派往伊拉克进行军事行动的陆军第一装甲师的1.7万人将不会返回德国的基地,而是返回东欧国家(如保加利亚、匈牙利、波兰和罗马尼亚)的新基地。
 
  Increase the size of the base in northern Africa.The United States believes several countries in northern Africa may experience instability in the near future.
 
  We will strengthen the construction of"strategic island"bases.Statistics show that about three-quarters of the world's major cities,70%of the industrial capital and population are concentrated within 200 kilometers of the coastal line,while 80%of the world's capital is located within 500 kilometers of the coast.As a result,the U.S.military will focus on military bases on"strategic islands"like Guam,diego Garcia,Okinawa and Greenland.
 
  Establish temporary military bases.The United States will sign agreements with countries as needed to gain the right to establish temporary military bases in those countries.For example,during the Iraq war,the U.S.military established military bases in Bulgaria's sarafovo airport and the nearby black sea port city of burgas.
 
  The U.S.global military base system began to develop in the late 19th century.After the outbreak of World War II,the United States took the opportunity to expand overseas.At the end of the war,the United States established 484 military bases overseas,and occupied almost all the key islands in every sea of the world.After the war,the United States established military alliances with more than 40 countries around the world and stationed troops in more than 50 countries.During the cold war,the United States gradually formed a global"military base network"based on its domestic military bases.The number of various military bases and military facilities was as high as more than 5,000 at the peak,among which more than 2,000 were overseas,covering more than 100 countries.In 1988,1991,1993 and 1997,the United States closed 97 major military bases in the country and returned or adjusted 961 overseas military bases,reducing the number of overseas military bases by 58 percent.
 
  Central European base groups:mainly including military bases and installations in Germany,Belgium and the Netherlands;Base groups in southern Europe:consisting mainly of military bases and facilities in Italy and Greece;Western European base group:consisting mainly of military bases and installations in the United Kingdom,Iceland,Spain and the Azores;Middle East and East Africa base group:mainly composed of military bases and installations in Turkey,Saudi Arabia,bahrain,Oman,Egypt and Kenya;Northeast Asia base group:mainly composed of military bases and military facilities located in Japan and South Korea;Indian Ocean base group:consists mainly of naval ports,naval communications stations,naval air stations and other logistics facilities located on the diego Garcia islands in the central Indian Ocean.In addition,there are Guam base group,Hawaii base group,Alaska base group,Australia,New Zealand base group,Greenland,Canada base group,Caribbean base group.These bases,located outside the United States,together with other bases in the United States,constitute the United States'global network of military bases.

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