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Assignment代写范文

北美Assignment代写范文-结婚年龄

来源:网络整理 发布日期:2019-07-04 09:57 阅读: 作者:HotEssay 字数:6307字
文章导读:下面小编为大家整理一篇优秀的 assignment代写 范文-Age of Marriage,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了结婚年龄。判断婚姻的优缺点不应该仅仅基于年龄。早婚和晚婚都各有利弊。早婚不利于妇女...
  下面小编为大家整理一篇优秀的Assignment代写范文-Age of Marriage,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了结婚年龄。判断婚姻的优缺点不应该仅仅基于年龄。早婚和晚婚都各有利弊。早婚不利于妇女解放和人口控制。晚婚虽然有利于妇女的解放和人口的控制,但不利于优生学,以及妇女生理和心理健康的需要。婚姻稳定、妇女在社会和家庭中的作用以及人口增长等因素不应被排除在关于适当结婚年龄的讨论之外。同时,由于社会性别关系的变化,也应采取一种不断演变而不是一成不变的观点。
 
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  A person's age of marriage is governed by physical conditions,economic conditions and cultural literacy.It is common for people to confuse two different concepts of natural marriage age and social marriage age.Natural marriage age is the age of marriage that is determined by the physiological conditions of the person.However,it is the social marriage age that is restricted by social factors such as economic conditions and cultural literacy.When people reach the natural marriage age,they don't necessarily get married immediately.The main determining factor is the social marriage age,not the natural marriage age.Early and late marriage ages should not be simply judged,since there are multiple relevant factors including marriage stability,the role of females in the society and the family,as well as population growth.
  一个人的结婚年龄是由身体状况、经济状况和文化素养决定的。人们常常混淆自然结婚年龄和社会结婚年龄这两个不同的概念。自然结婚年龄是由生理条件决定的结婚年龄。但是,社会婚姻年龄受经济条件、文化素养等社会因素的制约,当人们达到自然结婚年龄时,不一定马上结婚,主要的决定因素是社会婚姻年龄,而不是婚姻年龄。自然结婚年龄:不能简单地判断早晚结婚年龄,因为婚姻的稳定性、女性在社会和家庭中的作用以及人口增长等多种相关因素。
 
  As for the relationship between the age of marriage and the stability of marriage,there are mainly three viewpoints.First,the increase in marriage age is conducive to the stability of marriage,because early marriages are immature and have higher risk of divorce.Second,the age of marriage and the stability of marriage show a significant negative relationship.As the individual ages,the cost of finding a life partner increases,so does the probability of divorce.Third,there is a non-linear relationship between marriage age and marital stability(Lehrer 465).Studies have shown that the reduction of divorce costs,premarital sex,premarital birth,cohabitation,and racial and religious heterogamy all have a significant impact on marital stability(Heaton 395).In addition,the improvement in education level and labor migration also have a significant delay effect on the first marriage age of women(Heaton 398).These factors make it extremely complicated to establish a linear relationship between the age of marriage and marital stability.
  关于结婚年龄与婚姻稳定的关系,主要有三种观点:一是结婚年龄的增加有利于婚姻的稳定,因为早婚不成熟,离婚风险较高;二是结婚年龄与婚姻稳定的关系。婚姻能力表现出显著的负相关,随着个人年龄的增长,寻找终身伴侣的成本增加,离婚的可能性也增加;第三,婚姻年龄与婚姻稳定性之间存在非线性关系(Lehrer 465)。研究表明,随着年龄的增长,婚姻能力的下降,婚姻的稳定性下降。f离婚费用、婚前性行为、婚前出生、同居、种族和宗教上的异族通婚都对婚姻稳定有显著影响(heaton 395),此外,教育水平的提高和劳动力迁移对妇女的初婚年龄也有显著的延迟影响。(这些因素使得在婚姻年龄和婚姻稳定之间建立线性关系变得极其复杂。
 
  The above three viewpoints show that there is no consistent conclusion on the relationship between marriage age and marital stability.Compared with men,the status and role of women in the family have changed since the marriage.As the age of marriage increases,the marginal cost of women’s divorce increases,and it makes women’s considerations about the age of first marriage different from that of men.Such considerations compel women to settle for less than satisfying husbands and contribute to marriage instability(Lehrer 466).At the same time,women's economic ability,education,health,mobility,marriage and childbirth have gradually influenced more on marriage age and stability.With the popularization of higher education,the increasing pressure on women's employment,the increased competition for women's social status,the rising cost of marriage,and the anxiety caused by the imbalance between supply and demand of basic public services,women's decisions about marriage will become more rational.Postponement thus becomes the optimal choice since women desire to be liberated from the constraints of marriage and familial responsibilities(Coles,and Francesconi 828).The stability of marriage is the result of the joint operation of both husband and wife.Economic ability,education level,number of children and parenting cost,mobility,health etc.are the key variables that may be more important than age.
  以上三个观点表明,对于婚姻年龄与婚姻稳定的关系没有一致的结论,与男性相比,女性在家庭中的地位和角色在婚姻后发生了变化,随着结婚年龄的增加,女性离婚的边际成本也随之增加。增加,这使得女性对初婚年龄的考虑与男性不同。这种考虑迫使女性满足于不满足丈夫的要求,并导致婚姻不稳定(Lehrer 466)。同时,女性的经济能力、教育水平、健康水平、流动性等因素也会影响女性的婚姻。城市、婚姻和生育对婚姻年龄和婚姻稳定的影响越来越大,随着高等教育的普及、妇女就业压力的加大、妇女社会地位竞争的加剧、婚姻成本的上升以及不平衡造成的焦虑情绪的加剧。在基本公共服务的供给和需求之间,妇女对婚姻的决定将变得更加理性,因此推迟成为妇女希望从婚姻和家庭责任的约束中解放出来的最佳选择(Coles和Francesconi 828)。婚姻关系是夫妻共同经营的结果,经济能力、教育水平、子女数量、育儿成本、流动性、健康状况等是比年龄更重要的关键变量。
 
  Appropriate late marriage is considered beneficial to the physical and mental health of young people and their children.Later marriage enables people to use their energy to study and work,to grow their talents,to create better material conditions for family life,and to promote family harmony and stability.Late marriage also plays an important role in controlling population growth.Human marriage and birth are closely related.From the relative degree of marriage age and fertility rate,the younger the female marriage age,the higher the fertility rate.Population growth and early marriage are thus likely to form a self-reinforcing cycle(Giolito 28).Late marriage,on the other hand,can shorten the actual childbearing years of women,which is of great significance for controlling population growth.However,it has also been found that early children bearing is contributive to the health of the children and the mothers(Hayford,et al.87).This is due to the better health conditions of the mother in general,and the higher egg vitality.
 
  In conclusion,judging the strengths and weaknesses of marriage should not be simply based on age.There are both advantages and drawbacks about both early and late marriages.Early marriage is not conducive to the liberation of women and population control.Late marriage,although it is conducive to the liberation of women and population control,may not be conducive to eugenics,and the physiological and mental health needs of women.Factors including marriage stability,the role of females in the society and the family,as well as population growth should not be left out of the discussion about the appropriate age of marriage.Meanwhile,an evolving instead of static view should also be adopted due to the changing gender relations in society.

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